Skip to content
Home » Windows Commands for System and Process Monitoring

Windows Commands for System and Process Monitoring

TLDR; This blog covers Windows commands for system and process monitoring, including systeminfo, tasklist, taskmanager, perfmon, typeperf, dir, chkdsk, ipconfig, netstat, taskkill, taskcreate, start, and wmic. These commands provide an efficient way to access system and process info and take action to resolve any issues. Caution and best practices should be exercised when using these commands.

Introduction to Windows commands for system and process monitoring

The Windows Command Prompt is a CLI that enables users to execute commands, manage system/processes and monitor system/resources/performance/disk/network. Accessed by clicking Start, typing “cmd” in the search bar and clicking the Command Prompt app, it is an essential tool for power users and admins. Benefits of using Windows commands for monitoring include speed, efficiency, ease of use and ability to automate tasks.

Common Windows commands for system monitoring

In this section, we will explore the most commonly used Windows commands for system monitoring.

System Information

To get information about your system, you can use the following commands:

systeminfo

The systeminfo command provides detailed information about your system, including the operating system, computer name, and system uptime.

C:\>systeminfo

Host Name:                 DESKTOP-ABC
OS Name:                   Microsoft Windows 10 Enterprise
OS Version:                10.0.19042 N/A Build 19042
OS Manufacturer:           Microsoft Corporation
OS Configuration:          Standalone Workstation
OS Build Type:             Multiprocessor Free

...

winver

The winver command displays the current version of Windows installed on your system.

C:\>winver

Resource Usage

To monitor the resource usage of your system, you can use the following commands:

tasklist

The tasklist command displays a list of all running processes and their associated process IDs (PIDs).

C:\>tasklist

Image Name                     PID Session Name        Session#    Mem Usage
========================= ======== ================ =========== ============
System Idle Process              0 Console                    1          24 K
System                           4 Console                    1        1,676 K
smss.exe                        404 Console                    1        1,736 K
csrss.exe                      552 Console                    1      208,020 K
wininit.exe                    624 Console                    1       12,224 K
...

taskmanager

The taskmanager command opens the Task Manager, which provides a graphical representation of the resource usage of your system, including CPU usage, memory usage, and disk usage.

C:\>taskmanager

Performance Monitoring

To monitor the performance of your system, you can use the following commands:

perfmon

The perfmon command opens the Performance Monitor, which provides a graphical representation of various performance metrics, including CPU usage, memory usage, disk usage, and network usage.

C:\>perfmon

typeperf

The typeperf command allows you to view performance data in the command prompt. You can specify the performance counters you want to view, such as CPU usage or memory usage.

C:\>typeperf "\\Processor(_Total)\\% Processor Time"

Disk Usage

To monitor the disk usage of your system, you can use the following commands:

dir

The dir command displays a list of all files and directories in a specified path. You can use the /s option to include the size of each file and directory.

C:\>dir /s

 Volume in drive C has no label.
 Volume Serial Number is ABCD-EFGH

 Directory of C:\\

12/02/2023  11:00 AM    <DIR>          .
12/02/2023  11:00 AM    <DIR>          ..
11/02/2023  11:00 AM    <DIR>          Program Files
11/02/2023  11:00 AM    <DIR>          Windows
               0 File(s)              0 bytes
               4 Dir(s)  123,456,789,012 bytes free

chkdsk

The chkdsk command is used to check the integrity of your disk and fix any errors. You can use the /f option to automatically fix any errors.

C:\>chkdsk /f

The type of the file system is NTFS.
Volume label is Windows.

...

100 percent completed

Windows has made corrections to the file system.

...

Network Monitoring

To monitor your network, you can use the following commands:

ipconfig

The ipconfig command displays information about the network configuration of your system, including the IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway.

C:\>ipconfig

Windows IP Configuration

 Ethernet adapter Ethernet:

   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . : example.com
   Link-local IPv6 Address . . . . . : fe80::abc:def:ghi:jkl%12
   IPv4 Address. . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.1
   Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
   Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.254

...

netstat

The netstat command displays information about the network connections of your system, including the local and remote addresses, status, and protocol.

C:\>netstat

Active Connections

  Proto  Local Address          Foreign Address        State
  TCP    192.168.0.1:1234       example.com:80         ESTABLISHED
  TCP    192.168.0.1:5678       stackoverflow.com:443  TIME_WAIT
  UDP    [::]:123 :
...

Common Windows commands for process monitoring

In this section, we will explore the most commonly used Windows commands for process monitoring.

Process Information

To get information about the processes running on your system, you can use the following commands:

tasklist

The tasklist command displays a list of all running processes and their associated process IDs (PIDs).

Image Name                     PID Session Name        Session#    Mem Usage
========================= ======== ================ =========== ============
System Idle Process              0 Services                   0          8 K
System                           4 Services                   0     21.256 K
Secure System                  172 Services                   0     80.796 K
Registry                       212 Services                   0     38.932 K
smss.exe                       720 Services                   0      1.040 K
csrss.exe                     1172 Services                   0      4.132 K
wininit.exe                   1264 Services                   0      4.912 K

taskmanager

The taskmanager command opens the Task Manager, which provides a graphical representation of the processes running on your system, including the process name, PID, status, and memory usage.

C:\>taskmanager

Process Management

To manage processes on your system, you can use the following commands:

taskkill

The taskkill command allows you to terminate a process by specifying its PID or process name.

C:\>taskkill /pid 1234

SUCCESS: The process with PID 1234 has been terminated.

Process Priority

To change the priority of a process, you can use the following commands:

start

The start command allows you to start a new process.

C:\>start notepad.exe

Key takeaways from this blog

  • The Windows Command Prompt is a powerful tool for managing and monitoring your system and processes.
  • Common Windows commands for system monitoring include systeminfo, tasklist, taskmanager, perfmon, typeperf, dir, chkdsk, ipconfig, and netstat.
  • Common Windows commands for process monitoring include tasklist, taskmanager, taskkill, start, and wmic.

By using these commands, you can gain a deeper understanding of your system and processes, and take steps to optimize performance and resolve any issues.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

fifteen + 20 =